These galls are commonly found on Bracken in the summer and autumn. They are caused by the larvae of a Cecidomyiid gall midge which cause these black, shiny, and rolled swellings to occur on the fronds. The mature larvae leave the galls to pupate in the soil, and there are two generations a year.
This large cluster of eggs was found on a Salix leaf near a wet flush in Longdon Wood, possibly laid by one of the large Tabanus horseflies?
The adult flies in the family Chironomidae (the non-biting midges), look a little like mosquitoes, and their larvae are aquatic or semi-aquatic. Some of these are bright red and commonly called bloodworms due to the presence of haemoglobin in their circulatory fluid so that they can carry oxygen which enables then to live in polluted water in almost anaerobic conditions. Some build tubes underwater from a mixture of mud and saliva, and these can be seen in Wyre during the summer, especially where the puddles are drying out. A few of these tubes placed in an aquarium have provided views of the bloodworms inside the tubes, and repairing those that were damaged.
This attractive Tephritid picture-wing fly is always associated with Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris. The larvae bore into the stems and feed within them. There are not many records from this area. A few adults were found on Mugwort along the banks of the River Severn north of Bewdley.
This species of Hoverfly ( seen at the moment along the Severn), has the distinctive long snout of all the Rhingia species. Larvae are associated with cow dung. Adult males feed on nectar, while adult females feed on protein rich pollen
This large and attractive hoverfly is now seen annually in the Wyre Forest as well as gardens nearby, since extending its range from SE England in recent years. The larvae have been found in the nests of the hornet and social wasps.
This large and impressive cranefly was seen ovipositing on a rotting wood pile in Wyre. The female spent some time searching for the right place to lay, and was observed inserting her abdomen deep inside a crack in the wood as seen here. A male was also spotted nearby.
Seen near Bewdley this water-snipefly Atherix ibis is one of only 3 aquatic snipe fly species found in the UK. It is not very common but can occasionally be seen along the River Severn. This female shows the yellow legs and the characteristically well marked wings. The species is known for its unusual habit of clustering under vegetation over water, prior to egglaying.